Jay Otto, M.S., Nicholas Ward, Ph.D., and Kari Finley, Ph.D., with the Center for Health and Safety Culture at Montana State University along with Shelly Baldwin at the Washington Traffic Safety Commission and Darrin Grondel at the Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility have published an article in the Journal of Applied Social Science. The article highlights a study exploring the behaviors and culture associated with driving under the influence of cannabis and alcohol in Washington state. The findings indicate that most people shared strong protective beliefs that prevent DUICA behavior.

Otto, J., Ward, N., Finley, K., Baldwin, S., & Grondel, D. (2020). The Culture of Driving Under the Influence of Cannabis and Alcohol in Washington State. Journal of Applied Social Science. https://doi.org/10.1177/1936724420980405